'Almost No Parts' 12/24hrs LED Clock

A 12hr/24hr LED Clock with display control, uses a microcontroller PIC 16F84A or 16F628A and a few parts. (August 25, 2009)

 

ANP 16F84A 16F628A microcontroller PIC LED clock with display control This LED clock may not be the easiest to build but surely it is the one with fewer parts that you can find, for that reason I call it "The ANP LED Clock". (ANP stands for Almost No Parts.)

 

Using the micro controller PIC 16F84A or the 16F628 (same pinout), this clock have more and improved features than my previous LED Clock.

 

Here are the features on this ANP LED Clock:

 

  • Can use common cathode or common anode 7-segment LED displays.
  • Displays time as 12 hours or 24 hours format.
  • Allows to enable or disable the display for battery-operated circuits.
  • Can control the display brightness to reduce power consumption
  • 7-segment LED displays are charlieplexed to reduce I/O ports usage.
  • PM LED indicator (optional)
  • Only 10 parts needed: 1 PIC 16F84A, 2 22pF Capacitors, 2 n.o. switches, 1 4Mhz Xtal and 4 CA or CC 7segment LED displays.
  • Operates from 2.5 to 5.5 Volts, it can even work with a 3V coin battery

     

    Because all this features, the applications for this ANP LED Clock could be:

     

  • Inexpensive LED Clock to replace the expensive broken one from your luxury car.
  • "vintage" LED wristwatch - Using some LED display from old calculators and 3 Volts coin battery, it's possible to build a small clock.
  • Jumbo Clock - Non-inverting buffers can be used to drive more voltage and lit giant 7-segment led displays.
  • Compact clock for your appliances or projects
  •  

    Even more:

     

  • Desktop Clock as gift for a friend
  • Nice clock to keep your 4-years old niece distracted for a while
  • A piece of trash after your 4-years old niece were playing with the clock.
  •  

    Let's get technical, here is the pin out information for this project:

     

    JP8410-4 12/24Hrs ANP LED Clock

     

    Pin 1 to VDD for 12Hrs, VSS for 24Hrs
    Pin 2 to VDD C Anode display, VSS for C Cathode
    Pin 3 to VDD Enable display, VSS disable display
    Pin 4 to VDD Normal operation, VSS Reset
    Pin 5 VSS Ground or -
    Pins 6..13 To multiplexed display
    Pin 14 VDD or +
    Pins 15 & 16 Xtal Oscillator (4Mhz only)
    Pin 17 to Display Decimal Point
    Pin 18 PM LED indicator (optional)

     

    Configuration examples for JP8410-4 ANP LED Clock Here are some examples how configuration pins are wired:

     

    Figure A: For 12 Hours LED clock using Common Anode 7-segment LED displays.
    Figure B: For 24 Hours LED Clock using Common Cathode 7-segment LED displays.
    Figure C: For 24 Hours LED clock using Common Anode 7-segment LED displays.
    Figure D: For Battery operated clocks, a 10k resistor and a switch can be used to view the time, specially for wrist watches.

     

    Here is the schematic for the ANP 12/24 Hrs LED Clock:

     

    ANP 12/24 Hrs LED Clock.

     

    Please note the PM LED indicator and the Brightness control switch are optional.

     

    Bill of materials:

     

    1 PIC 16F84A with JP8410-a software
    1 Xtal 4 Mhz
    2 22pF ceramic capacitors
    2 n.o. micro switches.
    4 7-segment LED displays (CA or CC)
    Optional:

     

    1 LED for PM indicator
    1 4.7k resistor
    1 n.o. microswitch for brightness control.

     

    Notes:

     

    1.- Before applying power to the circuit, set the configuration pins to the one desired. DO NOT APPLY POWER without connecting pins 1, 2 & 3.
    2.- Device configuration: CP Off, WDT Off, PWRTMR ON, OSC Xtal.

     

    This project may not be suitable for Giant LED Displays because the charlieplexing process

     

    How it Works:

     

    The displays are "Charlieplexed" and controlled with modulated pulses, also know as PWM (Pulse width modulation). There are no resistors on most of my projects because I limit the current using the software instead of using resistors. Also, I do use the internal pull-ups from the microcontroller PIC itself. The 1-second routine is similar to the one used by Roman Black but not the same. To keep accuracy, connections to the XTAL and 22pf capacitors must be as short is possible. Read the specifications from the Xtal manufacturer.

     

    Here is a video showing how it works:

     

     

    NOTE: The display shows some glitches because the frequency of the video doesn't match with the frequency of the display. It works very well the project itself.

     

    As the switches are multiplexed with the display, the display goes black as long any button is pressed. The Brightness switch decreases the brightness of the display, there are six levels of brightness. I do recommend to use RED displays because RED LEDs have a lower forward voltage than any other color, so the brightness of the display will be higher.

     

    Download the FREE 16F84A HEX FILE (demo version). Right click and "Save link as...".

     

    or, you can download the FREE 16F628A HEX FILE (demo version). Right click and "Save link as...".

     

    Do you want to buy the source code (ASM) and non-demo HEX file for both 16F628A and 16F84A?
    The non-demo version doesn't display the "josepino dot com" message.

     

    Non-demo Version: $3.99 USD

     


     


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